About कर्मचारी चयन आयोग (Staff Selection Commission, SSC)
Staff Selection Commission – Combined Graduate Level Examination, often referred to as SSC CGL is an examination conducted to recruit staff to various posts in ministries, departments, and organizations of the Government of India. It is conducted by the Staff Selection Commission for selecting staff for various Group B and Group C posts. The Staff Selection Commission was established in 1975.
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कर्मचारी चयन आयोग (Staff Selection Commission , SSC) एक वैधानिक संस्थान है जो भारत सरकार के मंत्रालयों/विभागों, संबद्ध और अधीनस्थ कार्यालयों और CAG एवं महालेखाकारों के कार्यालयों में गैर तकनीकीय समूह ‘ग’ और ‘ख’ के अराजपत्रित पदों पर भर्ती करती है। आयोग परीक्षा की सम्पूर्ण नीतियां तैयार करता है, जिसमें परीक्षाओं की एवं अन्य प्रक्रियाओं की योजना बनाना शामिल है ताकि परीक्षाओं और चयन परीक्षणों को पारदर्शी एवं सुव्यवस्थित बनाया जा सकें। इसे पहले “अधीनस्थ सेवा आयोग” (Subordinate Services Commission) कहते थे। इसका पुन: नामकरण 1977 में ‘कर्मचारी चयन आयोग’ के रूप में हुआ।
कर्मचारी चयन आयोग कार्मिक,लोक शिकायत तथा पेंशन मंत्रालय , भारत सरकार से संबद्ध एक संस्था है। आयोग में एक अध्यक्ष, दो सदस्य और एक सचिव होते हैं। आयोग की अध्यक्षता इसके अध्यक्ष द्वारा की जाती है। आयोग का मुख्यालय नई दिल्ली में स्थित है ।
कर्मचारी चयन आयोग को विभागीय परीक्षा आयोजित करने का भी काम सौंपा गया है , जैसे –
- ग्रेड ‘ग’ आशुलिपिक सीमित विभागीय प्रतियोगी परीक्षा
- ‘यूडी’ एवं ‘एलडीसी’ ग्रेड विभागीय परीक्षा
- लिपिक ग्रेड (केवल समूह ‘घ’ के स्टाफ हेतु) परीक्षा
- मल्टी टास्किंग स्टाफ़ ( समूह घ )
Candidates applying for the various posts need to have a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university at the time of applying. The age requirements are between 20 and 30 years. The age limits may vary depending on the position applied. For instance, the position for Inspector of Central Bureau of Narcotics which had an age range from 18 to 27 years, was extended to 30 years in September 2018. The application fee for 2017 is Rs. 100. All women candidates and candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, Physically Handicapped, and Ex-Servicemen eligible for reservation are exempted from paying the application fee.
The examination has several Tiers which are conducted over different days with results posted after each Tier. Previous exams also included an interview tier, but following a government order, interviews have been dispensed off for all non-gazetted posts in the central government as of 1 January 2016. A computer proficiency test or a skill test was also added as a Tier for some posts. There are four major tiers for the 2018 exam.
Tier I: Preliminary
The Tier I exam consists of a written objective multiple-choice exam with four sections, covering the subjects of:
- General Intelligence and Reasoning
- General Awareness
- Quantitative Aptitude
- English Comprehension
The exam was typically scored with maximum 50 Marks per section for a total of 200 Marks. The latest versions of this exam such as with 2018 have been conducted online.
Based on results from Tier I, qualified candidates can then take the Tier II and Tier III exams.
Tier II: Mains Exam
Also known as the Mains Exam, the Tier II exam consists of a written objective multiple-choice exam, in four sections (also called “Papers”), covering the subjects of:
- Quantitative Aptitude
- English Language and Comprehension
- General Studies, which is subdivided into:
- Finance & Accounting
- Economics & Governance.
The exam was typically scored with a maximum of 200 Marks per section. Most positions required the candidate to take only the first two sections (Paper-I: Quantitative Aptitude, Paper-II: English Language and Comprehension), but certain positions require the third or fourth section. The latest versions of this exam such as the 2018 edition have been conducted online.
Tier III exam: Descriptive Paper
A pen-and-paper “offline” exam in which candidates are to do writing in the form of essay writing and letter writing, and sometimes precise and application writing. The exam can be done in English or Hindi.
Tier IV exam: Data Entry Skill Test / Computer Proficiency Test
In 2016, a fourth tier was added with two possible exams depending on the positions applied:
- Data Entry Speed Test (DEST): candidates enter data at the rate of 2000 key presses in 15 minutes. This is mainly for positions such as Tax Assistant. (Central Excise & Income Tax).
- Computer Proficiency Test (CPT): covering the topics of word processing, spreadsheets, and making slides.
Other exams are required for certain positions. The types included: